The ever-increasing population, not just in India but in the world is a major cause of concern. With this, another critical cause of concern is the increasing number of mouths to feed. Information Technology is helping agriculture fight this problem. After changing the scenario of other fields like transportation, health, business, education etc., IT is now impacting agriculture on the same level.
Agriculture holds great significance on an international level. It provides healthy food on our tables and fodder for the livestock, produces raw materials for major industries like cotton, jute fabric, sugarcane, and tobacco. In addition to these, it also plays an important role in the economic development of a nation by producing exportable item, which increases the foreign exchange.
The role of IT in agriculture can be classified into two parts:
- Direct contribution to make the agriculture productive.
- Indirect tool for empowering farmers to take informed and quality decisions which will have solid impact on the way agriculture and related activities are conducted.
IT has introduced new methods for modern agriculture like computerized farm machinery which is used for fertilizers, pesticides and tillage operation. It has also made available electronic sensors and identification systems that are now are used to feed and monitor the farm animals. The world is also adopting to the idea of selling crops or buying seed and pesticides online. This is how IT being applied through agricultural education:
- Global Positioning Systems (GPS)
- Basic Internet Applications
- PowerPoint Presentations and Microsoft Excel
The farmers around the globe are switching to the modern agriculture. They are taking the benefit of new agriculture innovations and improving the farm production. IT is also helping the farmers to remain in touch with international and national markets, thus improving the livelihood of farmers.