Drones aren’t a new technology. But their use in the field of agriculture has gained critical momentum in the past couple of years, owing to robust investments and a somewhat more relaxed regulatory environment. According to a recent PwC analysis, the total addressable value of drone-powered solutions in all applicable industries is more than $127 billion. The market for drone-powered solutions in agriculture is estimated to be at $32.4 billion. Let’s take a look at how it is revolutionizing agriculture.
Crop monitoring: One of the farming’s largest obstacle is low efficiency in crop monitoring owing to vast fields. Increasingly unpredictable weather conditions exacerbate monitoring challenges, driving risk and field maintenance costs.The precise development of a crop can be seen through time-series animations and production efficiencies can be revealed, thanks to the drone technology. This enables better crop management.
Irrigation: The hyperspectral, multispectral, or thermal sensors in a drone can identify which parts of a field are dry or need improvements. They also allow the calculation of the vegetation index while the crop grows, which describes the relative density and health of the crop. It shows the heat signature, the amount of energy or heat the crop emits.
Health assessment: Drone-carried devices can identify which plants reflect different amounts of green light and NIR light by scanning a crop using both visible and near-infrared light. The multispectral images thus produced from this information can track changes in plants and indicate their health. It helps in a speedy response and application and monitoring of remedies more precisely as soon as sickness is discovered, thus increasing a plant’s ability to overcome disease.