Lucknow most protein deficient at 90%; Delhi at 60%
Indian protein deficiency levels are alarming
- 73% of Indian diets are protein deficient; Indian vegetarian diets worst affected with 84% being protein deficient; while 65% of Indian non-vegetarian diets too suffer from protein deficiency
- Lucknow is the most protein deficient city in India with 90% of population suffering from protein deficiency; Kolkata enjoys the best protein balance with only 43% with protein deficiency
- Protein is one of the most misunderstood nutrient in India
- 93% of Indians are unaware of their ideal protein requirement
- Indians suffer from several myths related to quality of protein (sources) and quantity of protein consumed at various life stages.
Leading research firm, IMRB, today released findings of a nationwide study on ‘Understanding Protein Myths & Gaps among Indians’ covering 1800 respondents across East, West, North, South regions, which has revealed significant gaps in both awareness levels on protein and its consumption.
Protein’s health benefits: Top associations
- Essential for children’s growth
- Enhances mental sharpness
- Essential for muscle building
- Is good to build immunity
- Enhances beauty, is good for skin, and improves hair quality
Protein is one of the fundamental nutrients essential for the human body, which is duly acknowledged by the respondents. Respondents believe that protein is essential for children’s growth; enhances mental sharpness; essential for muscle building; is good for immunity and enhances beauty, is good for skin, and hair quality.
Protein enjoys highest average associations on various health benefits
- Protein – 53%
- Calcium – 48%
- Vitamins – 43%
- Iron – 34%
- Carbohydrates – 32%
Numbers above are average percentage associations on health benefits
Among nutrients endorsed for their health benefits by the respondents, protein has the highest average endorsement i.e. 53%, with calcium at 48%, vitamins at 43%, iron at 34% and carbohydrates at 32%
Alarmingly, what is the adverse impact of protein deficiency is not well understood among Indians in general, with only 1/3rd strongly endorsing that lack of protein can cause weakness and fatigue.
73% of Indian diets are protein deficient
- 3/4th of Indians consume inadequate amount of protein in their diet
Vegetarians are significantly more protein deficient than vegetarians
- Protein deficiency among Vegetarians: 84%
- Protein deficiency among Non-Vegetarians: 65%
The study, involved analysing the diet patterns of respondents, to understand if the Indians are consuming the prescribed levels of protein in their daily diets, which is a function of their body weight. Alarmingly, it was found that Indians suffer from a significant protein inadequacy, with 73% of Indians consuming diets being protein deficient.
The most protein deficiency was found among vegetarians with an alarming 84%. Contrary to the popular belief, what is interesting that not all non-vegetarian diets provide adequate protein, as 65% of Indian non-vegetarian diets were found to be deficient in prescribed levels of protein as well.
In a region wise analysis of protein deficiency, Lucknow is the most protein deficient city i.e.90% protein deficiency, followed by Ahmedabad and Chennai at 84%, Vijayawada at 72%, Mumbai at 70%. Only Kolkata has less than half of population suffering from protein deficiency in their diets at 43%.
Lucknow is the most protein deficient city in India, Kolkata is the least
- Lucknow: 90%
- Ahmedabad: 84%
- Chennai – 84%
- Vijayawada – 72%
- Mumbai – 70%
- Delhi – 60%
- Kolkata – 43%
A closer look at the various consumer segments find that protein deficiency is highest among men with families at 75% and mothers at 72%.
Men with families are most protein deficient, followed by mothers
- Men with families – 75%
- Mothers – 72%
- Single women – 53%
- Single men – 44%
- Children (10-15 years) – 44%
The awareness challenge
The reason behind protein deficiency is explained by the fact that Indians also suffer from poor awareness levels on protein. 93% of Indian’s interviewed are unaware of their ideal protein requirement, with pregnant ladies on the top at 97%, followed by lactating mothers at 96% and adolescents at 95%.
What is even more alarming is that Indians suffer from many myths when it comes to their understanding of the sources of Indians, its role.
93% of Indians are UNAWARE of their ideal protein requirement
- 95% of adolescents are unaware of their ideal protein requirement
- 97% of pregnant ladies are unaware of their ideal protein requirement
- 96% of lactating mothers are unaware of their ideal protein requirement
- 91% of diabetic patients are unaware of their ideal protein requirement
94% Indians ACCEPT/ AGREE that their daily protein intake is inadequate
- 96% of adolescents accept/agree that their daily protein is inadequate
- 98% of pregnant ladies accept/agree that their daily protein is inadequate
- 97% of lactating mothers accept/agree that their daily protein is inadequate
- 92% of diabetic patients accept/agree that their daily protein is inadequate
One of the most misunderstood nutrients: Protein confronts several myths:
- 73% of Indians believe that green leafy vegetables are a good source of protein
- 30% of Indians strongly agree that 1 egg a day provide sufficient amount of protein
- 29% of Indians strongly agree that their regular daily diet is enough for their daily
- protein needs
- 28% Indians strongly agree that their veg diet is good enough for their protein needs
- 1/5th of Indians believe that high protein diet is bad for health