Public health is a state subject. Under the National Health Mission (NHM), support is provided to States/UTs to strengthen their healthcare systems for achieving health outcomes including the target of health for all based on the requirements posed by the States/UTs in their Programme Implementation Plans. NHM has been successful in accelerating the decline of key indicators such as Under 5 Mortality Rate (U5MR), Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) and Total fertility rate (TFR). It has also achieved the Millennium Development Goal target for Tuberculosis, Malaria and HIV AIDS.
The Framework for Implementation of National Health Mission (NHM) provides for partnership with private service providers to supplement governmental efforts in underserved and vulnerable areas. Based on proposals received from States/UTs, support under NHM is being provided for provision of services through PPP mode such as CT Scan, Tele radiology, ambulances services; dialysis services in district hospitals in PPP mode etc. Under the Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) which provides cashless benefit upto Rs. 30,000 per annum per family for specified hospitalisation procedures to all BPL population and eleven other categories of vulnerable population group, private hospitals empanelled under the scheme also render healthcare.