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What Causes Male Infertility?

Inability to conceive or make conceive is termed as Male infertility. earlier infertility was considered primarily a female problem but now things have been changed and half of the couples in the country has a male infertility component. About 15%-20% of couples that want to get pregnant aren’t able to conceive.

Vipul Garg (name changed on request) 31, an IT professional working for a renowned IT company has developed various applications and always busy on laptop or over phone. Vipul has long working hours and sometimes he stays even in office at night due to work. He got married 2 years back and since 1year the couple have been trying to conceive but failed every time.

After diagnosing and semen analysis it revealed that vipul has very low sperm count and lack of healthy sperms as well and suffering from male infertility.

Many of those cases are relating to the male (as in the case of Vipul Garg). Gradually declining sperm production has been noted in the recent cases.

Now-a-days your profession and lifestyle plays a vital role in your fertility Causes of male infertility are:

  • prolonged sitting on chair can overheat your testicles
  • continuous usage of laptops by putting them on your lap for longer period of time; working laptops prompted a greater increase in scrotal temperature — around a 5 degrees Fahrenheit increase (or about 2.7 degrees Celsius) resulting in low sperm count and unhealthy sperm too
  • exposure to pesticides, some industry toxins and even exposure to heavy metals,
  • wearing tight pants or skinny jeans do in fact damage the testicles; even low sperm count and can cause infertility in men.
  • Apart from that smoking, alcohol, eating junk food,
  • past tumors or cancer,
  • hormonal imbalances
  • Stress which directly affects your fertility are the factors that contributes infertility in males.

Symptoms of male infertility involve:

  • inability to conceive after 1 year of trying
  • Pain, swelling or a lump in the testicle area
  • Recurrent respiratory infections
  • Having a lower than normal sperm count (fewer than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen or a total sperm count of less than 39 million per ejaculate)

Tests and Treatment required for male infertility are:

Now a day semen analysis is one of the most important and initial fertility tests. No treatment of the female should begin until the male infertility has been ruled out.

After taking your semen sample it is then sent to a laboratory to measure the number of sperm present and look for any abnormalities in the shape (morphology) and movement (motility) of the sperm.

There are many treatments available to treat male infertility depending upon the case history. Here are few like to improve sperm count ICSI(intracytoplasmic sperm injection) can be given it is a pregnancy initiated injection. Earlier only option left with the couples is to have sperm donor or widely known as Vicky donor. Using ICSI, the sperm is injected directly into the egg as a part of an IVF cycle. This is also called ART treatment (Assisted reproductive technology)

Thanks to technology now a days it is also possible for men to freeze their sperms thus preserving their fertility (but this is available for only those who suffers cancer or any other sort of serious disease)

Few quick tips:

  • Always have an opportunity to move: If you have a job that involves long periods of sitting down, take regular rest breaks and get up and walk around. Take stairs instead of life these small things also matters a lot.
  • Try wearing loose-fitting boxers shorts and trousers, rather than tight pants.
  • Working long hours on a digger, or driving an engine that vibrates a lot, could affect your sperm production and sperm motility. So you may want to reduce how long you spend working in this way, if at all possible.
  • Immediately address your stress level for the proper functioning of your adrenal glands so that it couldn’t harm you much. You can try yoga or practice breathing exercises.
  • Take adequate diet, avoid smoking and drinking

Inputs by Dr. Anubha Singh, Medical Director and IVF Specialist, Shantah IVF Center


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