M S Ramaiah Narayana Heart Centre adopted the Extra Corporeal Life Support (ECLS) to save a 53-year-old patient who suffered from myocardial infarction. This treatment modality is not commonly used for this category of patients in India.
The patient came to the hospitals in a critical condition. Heart function was drastically reduced due to lack of blood supply to the heart. The patient was in ‘Cardiogenic Shock’. A team specializing in cardiac emergency at M S Ramaiah Narayana Heart Centre supported him first with mechanical ventilation and then provided ECLS where a pump is used to take over the function of the heart and a membranous oxygenator is used to take over the function of the lungs.
During ECMO (extracorporeal membrane oxygenation) the heart and lungs are bypassed and the blood is oxygenated outside the body (extracorporeal) by an artificial lung and circulates with the help of an external pump, allowing the heart and lungs to rest. This is similar to the heart-lung bypass machine used during open heart surgery, explained Dr. Ravi Shankar Shetty, consultant cardiothoracic & transplant surgeon, M S Ramaiah Narayana Heart Centre.
The patient was supported on this system for five days. His condition was monitored round the clock. He received multiple blood transfusions and by the 5th day both his heart and lungs had improved significantly,” he added.