Public Health is a state subject. However moving towards Universal Health Coverage (UHC) wherein people are able to receive quality health services that they need without suffering financial hardship is a key goal of the Twelfth Plan. As per the Twelfth Plan document, move towards UHC is a process that will unfold over two to three plan periods. It is also one of the targets of Sustainable Development Goals that is to be achieved by 2030. The National Health Mission (NHM) represents the prime vehicle for achieving UHC.
The Government has already taken steps towards provision of free services for maternal health, child health, adolescent health, family planning, universal immunisation programme, and for major diseases such as TB, vector borne diseases such as Malaria, dengue and kalazar, HIV/AIDS, leprosy etc. Other major initiatives for which states are being supported include Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (JSSK), Rashtriya Bal SwasthyaKaryakram (RBSK), Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram (RKSK), implementation of NHM Free Drugs and Free Diagnostics Service Initiatives, roll out of Universal Health Coverage pilots, strengthening primary healthcare and District Hospitals and implementation of National Quality Assurance Framework.
The Central Government is also implementing the Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) which provides health cover up to Rs.30,000/- for secondary care hospitalizations on a family floater basis as per the approved package rates to BPL population and 11 other defined categories of unorganised workers.