Besides reducing out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure incurred by people, government should also increase public expenditure on health and develop mechanisms for cashless access to health services at all delivery points’, the official stressed.
“There are a few steps which can be taken by the Indian government to achieve UHC. Primarily it must reorganise the health service delivery with a right mix and distribution of preventive, promotive, curative, diagnostic and rehabilitative services to tackle comorbidities with higher access and availability of quality health services, developing effective referral linkage and ensuring continuity of care, from primary to tertiary care facilities,” WHO representative to India Dr NataMenabde told Press Trust of India.
Strengthening of human resources for health both in quantitative terms as well as performance and facilitating increased participation of communities through institutional and management reforms for ensuring accountability, transparency and responsiveness of the health system to the citizens would also be required, she stressed.
Praising the role of the newly-elected government at the Centre on providing UHA, which includes the core components of UHC, she said, “Currently available information indicates that the proposed National Health Assurance Mission (NHAM) will include all key components to accelerate the progress towards UHC. Simultaneously, India is drafting a National Health Policy focusing upon key aspects of UHC.
India, however, would require to develop a detailed scheme for planning and implementing its UHC vision where both public and privately provided service delivery units would have a role to play towards shared objectives, Dr Menabde said.
Speaking about whether bringing the huge population of the country under the UHC would be feasible or not, she said, “The intention to move towards UHC need not to be affected by the size of the population. It is a journey to assure improved health outcomes to the entire population over period of time.
“We must remember that no country (except China) has ever taken on such a complex endeavour at such massive scale. It’s known and well recognised (as in India’s 12th Five Year Plan) that the pursuit of UHC will last for at least two to three plan periods (10-15 years) requiring strategies to go beyond any script in any one plan. Therefore, attention needs to be paid by policy makers to identifying priority issues, key implementation challenges and main barriers,” she said.
The World Health Organisation official praised the provision of free medicines in some states in the country as the “right step” for other countries to emulate.
Additionally, WHO India has direct engagement with a few states on advancing the UHC agenda and supporting them, in their initiatives in states like Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Tripura, Haryana and Rajasthan, she said.
The UHC entails that all people have access to required health services of sufficient quality while also ensuring that people do not suffer financial hardship for these services.